Project Title: Land Cover Change Mapping to Support the System for Land Based Emissions Estimation in Kenya (SLEEK)
Country implemented: Kenya
The System for Land-based Emissions Estimation in Kenya (SLEEK) is a government of Kenya program to develop a robust and credible system for estimating land-based emissions in Kenya. SLEEK aims to build a comprehensive account of the land sector, it draws together data from a range of sources including: Forest cover and growth

rates; Soil data and measurements of carbon emissions resulting from various land‐use regimes; Climate and meteorological data; Remote sensing data that will be used to delineate the country into various land cover types and Measurements of carbon emissions associated with various crop and plant types


The SLEEK Land Cover Change Mapping (LCC) Program aims to create a sustainable and technically rigorous process for providing land cover and change information required for national land based greenhouse gas (GHG) estimation under the SLEEK program. The focus of this is on providing nationwide, time series consistent, land cover maps for Kenya. The maps will allow for analysis of land cover and cover change through time. In addition to supporting SLEEK, the maps and statistics produced by the program will serve as official Government documents for informing Government processes across the land sector – such as land use planning, tracking deforestation, and landscape restoration.
Implementation of the Land Cover Change mapping program is in partnership with Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) as the Lead government organization with support from the Regional Centre of Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), Kenya

classificationForest Service (KFS), and Survey of Kenya (SOK). Through the SLEEK- LCC program 16 Land Cover change maps will be developed between 1990 and 2014 to support the emissions reporting process. Further to this, the Kenya Forest Service has expressed interest in using these maps as tools for forest monitoring, to inform policy as well as in developing the Forest Reference Level for Kenya, a process that will be supported by JICA as well as in REDD+ initiatives






High level schematic of LCC processing workflow.


Status: Completed

Useful links

Eastern Africa Forest Observatory

Full Name of Project: Eastern Africa Forest Observatory
Abbreviation of Project Name: OFESA

Project Objective

Kick off workshop with National Forest StakeholdersThe overall objective of OFESA is to strengthen existing institutions and networks in the tropical regions in their capacity to report on their mitigation actions in the forest sector in the context of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in developing countries). At the same time, OFESA will also contribute to assessment of adaptation/biodiversity benefits of forest coverage and sustainable forest management, for policy makers to use in their policy and strategy development.
This project supports the OFESA objective of strengthening regional forest observatories in East Africa and will provide a platform for sharing, exchanging and accessing data and information related to regional forests and REDD+. The 'regional forest observatory' will comprise two core modules:

  1.  A regional database containing information relevant for the monitoring of regional forest cover change and for reporting in the context of REDD+; and
  2. A website that will make the database accessible and serve as the main interface of the regional forest observatory.

Country(s) being implemented: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique
Target Users: Forest, Environment, Biodiversity and Wildlife Institutions
Implementing Partners: Center for International Forestry Research (“CIFOR”) and Centre de cooperation international en recherché agronomique pour le development (“CIRAD”)

Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable Forest

Uganda Bwindi impentrable forest

Status: Active
Useful link:
Useful link:

Monitoring of the Environment for Security in Africa

Project Objective

MESA programme in the IGAD region aims to enhance land degradation and natural habitats assessment and Forest Monitoring for sustainable management of environmental resources. This is achieved during the developing of operational geo-information services and by strengthening the information management capacity of regional and national institutions in order to support decision and policy making processes. MESA endeavours to facilitate access to Africa-wide environmental information derived from Earth Observation technologies.
Specific results were been formulated from the above objective:

  • Improved access to existing basic EO, field and ancillary data ensured for users in the IGAD region.
  • Consolidation of existing operational information services established to improve policy and decision-making processes in Land Degradation Monitoring (LDM) and Natural Habitat Conservation (NHC) and development of a new Forest Monitoring (FM) service. The services produce and distribute regularly:
    • land degradation index maps;
    • land cover change indicators on IGAD selected Natural Habitats areas
    • Forest degradation, deforestation extent, vulnerability index map over the whole IGAD region.
  • Political and policy development frameworks are strengthened to ensure an active and sustainable participation of IGAD member states in global environmental surveillance initiatives.
  • Adequate technical capacity

Overview of operational services in MESA IGAD


Countries covered by MESA IGAD

  • Kenya
  • Uganda
  • Ethiopia
  • Rwanda
  • Burundi
  • Sudan
  • Southern Sudan
  • Eritrea
  • Djibouti
  • Somalia

Target Users within the IGAD region:

  • Policy and decision-makers of the environmental and agricultural sectors at regional and national levels
  • Technical officers within environmental, agricultural, forest and mapping agencies; lecturers and researchers of local universities

Implementing Partners

  • IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC), Kenya
  • Ethiopia Mapping Agency (EMA), Ethiopia
  • National Environment Management Agency, (NEMA) Uganda
 Associates Kenya  
  • Department of Remote sensing (DRSRS)
  • Kenya Forest Services
  • Uganda Wildlife Authority
  • National Forest Authority
  • Makerere University
  • Ethiopia Protected Area
  • Ethiopia Wildlife Conservation Authority
  • Rwanda National Forestry Authority
  • Rwanda Environmental Management Authority
  • Institute of Environment and nature Conservation (IECN)
  • Burundi National Forest Authority
  • High council of Science and Technology
  • Sudan Forest Corporation
 Southern Sudan  
  • Forest department
  • Wildlife Authority
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Forestry Department
  • Ministry of Environment, habitat and urban development
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Djibouti University
  • Ministry of Environment
  • Ministry of Agriculture
 MESA Contracting Authority African Union
MESA Financing Authority/ Development partner
 European Union


Important links

Status: Active



Agriculture practices on Hill slopes are destroying the forest resource, making the land fragile to soil erosion (Welkite area).

 gulleyWeak soil structure and devegetation increase runoff, causing land degradation (Asbe Tefer).




Deep gullies in Narok County have formed as a result of uncontrolled runoff.


Gully erosion is eating away fertile topsoil in Elgeyo Marakwet,




De-vegetated landscape has made the soil loose accelerating erosion (Karab) Sand deposits downslope;


Visible gullies and scanty vegetation cover (El fao).